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The Return of the Maya Moment: The Time of Yucatan’s Forests

This book explores the profound influence of Maya philosophy of nature on cultural resilience in the face of colonization, assimilation policies, and profit-driven development agendas. Drawing on extensive fieldwork comprising eighty interviews and ethnographic studies conducted over eight years, alongside analysis of Maya literary works, the book examines key cultural concepts such as K’íin (time) and Iik’ (energy), k’aax (forest), ich kool (milpa), xuunan kaab (Melipona bees), ha (water), and others. These concepts, central to the Maya worldview, shape their relationship with the environment and guide their efforts to safeguard their heritage and conserve the remaining forests in Mexico's Yucatan peninsula. By delving into the intricate interplay between culture, nature, and spirituality, this study not only sheds light on the Maya struggle for cultural and environmental preservation but also offers valuable insights for addressing similar crises faced by societies worldwide.


Omanka Versus Oil

In 2010, the Ecuadorian government decided to open a new area of the Amazon rainforest for petroleum extraction. This land, inhabited by seven indigenous nations, including previously uncontacted tribes, was divided into 21 bloques with a total surface area of 3.6 million of hectares. In 2012, 13 of these bloques were auctioned off to international petroleum companies, and those remaining were reserved for Petroamazonas, the Ecuadorean state oil extractor.



All That Matters: Alternative Economies in the Iberian Peninsula

Spain was one of the European countries where the 2008 crisis was felt most dramatically, with unemployment sitting stubbornly at 49% among those under 25 in 2015. Reacting to the crisis, 200 alternative economic networks emerged, and 80 social currencies were created to foster the local exchange of goods and services.


Interspecies/multispecies relations

Everything that happens around us is mediated not only by humans and their institutions, but also by viruses, ecosystems, and  other “earth beings,” such as mountains (de la Cadena), and technological artifacts. Ecosystems not only contain forms of life and matter but also energies that transcend both material and spiritual realms and that Maya people call iik'o'ob. We need to relearn new ways of thinking from the peoples who have retained and rebuilt their relationships with the nonhuman realm. These relationships come with diverse forms of mutual “understanding” and constitute the dynamics of each place.


Adam Naming the Animals, Unknown, about 1250–1260 (Getty Museum)


Cultural Studies

Environmental cultural studies (ECS) searches for a multidimensional understanding of pressing issues that affect human communities, material environments, and the larger biotic communities on which the reproduction of human life has always depended. ECS views “culture” and “nature” not as separate entities but as entangled and hybrid realms.

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Inter/Transdisciplinary Work. Science and Technology Studies/Humanomics

With toxicologist, Angel Polanco

Water Toxicity and Activism in Yucatan, Mexico; Toxic Bodies: Water and Women in Yucatán; The War Between Amaranth and Soy: Interspecies Resistance to Transgenic Soy Agriculture in Argentina, and more.

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